Compiled by Rashid Zia Cheema
Mausoleum of Quaid-e-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah, Karachi. Photo by Shahid1024.
Under Construction Mazar-e-Quaid. This picture was taken in 1965 and the Mausoleum was completed in 1970.
Quaid-e-Azam’s Actual Grave. When the tomb of Quaid was under construction, one could see this actual grave after going down a staircase. Later, the gate was locked and had to be opened for interested visitors. Now it is permanently locked. Photo by Doc Kazi.
Quaid’s Car 1
Quaid’s Car 2
The Dakota Plane Carrying the Quaid Lands at Mauripur Air Base, Karachi on 7 Aug 1947. Mauripur (Now known as PAF Base Masroor) has the distinction of welcoming the Quaid in August 1947 when he flew in the Viceroy’s DC-3 Dakota to take up his mantle as the Governor General of an independent Pakistan. People from all walks of life thronged to Mauripur to catch a glimpse of their leader. Photo by Doc Kazi.
Vikers Viking Aircraft Used by Quaid-e-Azam. Viking 1B was manufactured by Vikers Armstrony of UK. This twin engine aircraft was first flown in August, 1946 and used by PAF in 1948. This Viking was in the personal use of Quaid-e-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah, till his death on 11 September, 1948; when he flew from Quetta to Mauripur (Now Masroor Air Base). This aircraft was retired in 1953 and preserved in the museum.
Vikers Viking Aircraft Used by Quaid at PAF Museum, Karachi
Vikers Viking Aircraft Used by Quaid at Mauripur, Karachi in 1955
A Monument to Muhammad Ali Jinnah in Ankara, Turkey
Marriage of Mohammad Ali Jinnah and Ruttanbai – An Extract from the Nikah Register. In 1918, Mohammad Ali Jinnah married Ruttenbai Petit (who converted to Islam and changed her name to Maryam Jinnah), the daughter of a prominent Parsi banker Sir Dinshaw Petit. She was Jinnah’s second wife. She give birth to a baby Dina Jinnah. On her 18th birthday, she left her father’s mansion with two pets only to marry Quaid-e-Azam, Muhammad Ali Jinnah. Exactly eleven years later she was dead of an overdose of painkillers to treat her abdominal cancer. Quaid never married again and died a lonely man. Known as the nightingale of Bombay, Ruttie died on her 29th birthday on 20 February 1929. This extract from the Nikah Register is in Persian language which was in vogue at that time. Photo by Doc Kazi.
Quaid-e Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah on Cover of Time (Edition of April 22, 1946)
Dawn Newspaper, Edition of December 25, 1947. Birthday of Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah
Daily Dawn, Edition of September 12, 1948. Announcing the Death of Quaid-e-Azam
The Jang, 13 September 1948: Quaid-e-Azam Buried. Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah died on 11 September 1948 and was buried in Karachi on 12 September 1948.
Lt Col Illahi Bakhsh, Physician of Jinnah. Photo by Doc Kazi.
Lt Col Illahi Bakhsh’s book ‘With the Quaid-e-Azam During His Last Days’ was banned from 1949 till 1976. Perhaps the powers that be didn’t want the people to know so much of truth so early in our national life. The ban on the book was released in 1976 by Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto on the occasion of the Quaid’s birth centenary. The book raises a lot of issues for instance why was a pulmonary compromised patient allowed to travel to Quetta by air without consulting a doctor. The book starts with a call from Secretary General Ch Muhammad Ali to the doctor to report to Quetta and treat the Governor General. What happened before that nobody knows.
Lt Col Illahi Bakhsh’s Book, “With the Quaid-i-Azam During His Last Days”. This book, published by Oxford University Press, is a first-hand account of the last days of the Quaid-i-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah written by Lt Col Ilahi Bakhsh, a doctor of medicine, who was attending to Mohammad Ali Jinnah during his last illness. The narrative includes the author’s conversations with M.A. Jinnah, together with an account of the author’s diagnosis and treatment. This monograph is extremely valuable as it sheds light on the last two months of Quaid’s life while he struggled with his illness and finally lost. The author was one of the very few persons who were in personal contact with the Quaid-e-Azam at this time. This account is based on the author’s entries in his personal diary. The book also sheds light on some traits of the Quaid, his demeanour, likes and dislikes, preferences and aversions, thus providing a glimpse into the personality of this great man.
Quaid’s First ADC, Group Captain Mian Atta Rabbani. Mian Atta Rabbani was the first ADC (Aide-de Camp) of Quaid-e-Azam. He was also the first pilot to be transferred from the Royal Indian Air Force to the Royal Pakistan Air Force in the newly-born state of Pakistan. He was father of PPP Senator Mian Raza Rabbani. He passed away in Karachi in 2012 at the age of 90. He is on the extreme left in this photo.
Quaid’s Driver, Syed Shah Abdul Hye. He was chauffeur to Quaid-e-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah from 1936 to 1940. He died in Karnataka, India in February 2005.
Quaid Applies for Basic Membership of the Muslim League in 1913
10 Aurangzeb Road, Quaid’s Residence at Delhi. Photo by Doc Kazi
Quaid’s Residence at 2, Mount Pleasant Road, Bombay. Jinnah House was the residence of Quaid-e-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah in Mumbai, India. Now known informally as Jinnah House, it was named South Court and was built in 1936 when Jinnah returned to Bombay from England to take charge of the Muslim League. This house is the subject of a dispute between India, the government of Pakistan and Jinnah’s daughter Dina Wadia. The bungalow is located at 2, Mount Pleasant Road (now Bhausaheb Hirey Marg) in the upmarket Malabar Hill area of South Mumbai. Its opposite neighbour is the residence of the Chief Minister of Maharashtra. Photo by Doc Kazi Dr Ghulam Nabi Kazi.
The Ziarat Residency. In The Ziarat Residency Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah spent the last days of his life. The Residency was constructed in 1892. It was originally meant to be a sanatorium, and it was converted into the summer residence of the Agent of the Governor General. It has now been declared a national monument. Photo by Commoner28th.
The Quaid-e-Azam House Museum (Flag Staff House) at Karachi. The Quaid-e-Azam House is a museum dedicated to the personal life of Quaid-e-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah. Quaid-e-Azam House Museum, popularly known as Flag Staff House, is a National Monument. It is situated at the crossing of Shahrah-e-Faisal and Fatima Jinnah Road, Staff Lines, Karachi Cantonment, The House was purchased by Quid-e-Azam on 14th August 1943 from Mr. Sorab Kavasji Katrak, a former Mayor of Karachi. In September 1947, the personal belongings of Quaid were transferred to Flag Staff House from New Delhi. The Quaid did not get time to live in this House. After his demise, Mohtarma Fatima Jinnah moved in Flag Staff House on 13th September, 1948. She lived here until 1964. Thereafter, she shifted to her personal house in Clifton. Government of Pakistan purchased the Flag Staff House on 14th February 1985 and it was renamed as “Quaid-e- Azam House” and declared open to public on 25th November, 1993. It was previously maintained by the Federal Government but now it is being maintained by Government of Sindh.
Another Photo of Quaid-e-Azam House Museum, Karachi
Drawing Room Plaque in Quaid-e-Azam House Museum, Karachi
Drawing Room in Quaid-e-Azam House Museum
Plaque Outside the Dining Room in Quaid-e-Azam House Museum
Dining Room in Quaid-e-Azam House Museum
Another Photo of Dining Room in Quaid-e-Azam House Museum
Plaque Outside the Bedroom of Jinnah in Quaid-e-Azam House Museum
Plaque Outside the Dressing Room of Mr. Jinnah in Quaid-e-Azam House Museum
Dressing Room of Jinnah in Quaid-e-Azam House Museum
Plaque Outside the Bedroom of Miss Fatima Jinnah in Quaid-e-Azam House Museum
Miss Fatima Jinnah’s Bed Room in Quaid-e-Azam House Museum
Another Photo of Miss Fatima Jinnah’s Bed Room in Quaid-e-Azam House Museum
Plaque Outside the Dressing Room of Miss Fatima Jinnah in Quaid-e-Azam House Museum
Dressing Room of Miss Fatima Jinnah in Quaid-e-Azam House Museum
Main Cover of Quaid’s Passport, issued on 28 Nov 1946
Page No. 2 and 3 of Quaid’s Passport
Page No. 4 and 5 of Quaid’s Passport
An Earlier Passport of Quaid. Photo by
Doc Kazi. There are some glaring differences between Quaid’s old and new passports. Here the height is written as 5 ft 10 inches but n the new passport it is 5 ft 11.5 inches. Here the colour of eyes is ‘Black’ but ‘Dark Brown’ in the new one. The colour of hair is ‘Grey’ in the old one but ‘Dark Grey’ in the new passport.
Quaid’s Type Writer in the Museum
Quaid’s Pipe in the Museum
Quaid’s Wrist Watch in the Museum
Quaid’s Tea Pot in the Museum
Quaid’s Stove in the Museum
35 Russell Road in Kensington, London. Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah stayed in this house in 1895. Kensington is an affluent area of London.
Another Photo of 35 Russell Road in Kensington, London
Front Door of 35 Russell Road in Kensington
The Plaque at 35 Russell Road in Kensington, London
Wazir Mansion, Karachi, the Birth Place of Quaid. Wazir Mansion is the birthplace of Quaid-e-Azam. He was born here on 25 December 1876. It is located on Newneham Road, Kharadar, one of the oldest residential areas of the city.
Quaid’s School, Sindh Madrasa-tul-Islam, Karachi. Quaid-e-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah attended his early schooling in Sindh Madrasa-tul-Islam. In 1882, when Jinnah was six, he was enrolled in the Sindh Madrasa-tul-Islam. Jinnah was indifferent to his studies and preferred to play outdoors with his friends. In 1887, Jinnah Poonja bhai’s only sister came to visit from Bombay and took her nephew to Bombay where he joined Gokal Das TejPal Primary School. He remained in Bombay for only six months and returned to Karachi upon his mother’s insistence and again joined the Sind Madrassa-tul-Islam. But his name was struck off as he frequently cut classes in order to ride his father’s horses. Photo by Bashir Osman.
Quaid’s School, Christian Missionary Society High School, Karachi. After his name was struck off from the Sindh Madrasa-tul-Islam, Jinnah then joined the Christian Missionary Society High School, Karachi.
Quaid’s School, Lincoln’s Inn, London. The Honourable Society of Lincoln’s Inn is one of four Inns of Court in London to which barristers of England and Wales belong and where they are called to the Bar. Jinnah studied here from 1893 to 1896.
The Gate House, Lincoln’s Inn, London. The Gate House is the oldest existing part of Lincoln’s Inn, and was built between 1518 and 1521.
Quaid’s portrait in the Great Hall of Lincoln’s Inn, London. Quaid-e-Azam’s portrait hangs in the Great Hall of Lincoln’s Inn.
Quaid’s Application for Exemption from Latin, 25 April 1893
Quaid’s Application to Amend His Name, 30 March 1896
Quaid’s Declaration of Eligibility for Lincoln’s Inn, 21 April 1896
Quaid’s Petition for a Certificate, on Last Day of Easter Semester 1896
Quaid’s Bar Book Entry, 28 April 1896
Quaid’s Portrait by Ismail Gulgee. Photo by Doc Kazi.
Quaid-e-Azam’s Statue in York University, Toronto (Canada). It is a 1.5 metre high bronze statue.
Jinnah Public School, Kinshasa, Congo. The Congolese students honor Pakistan once every year at the annual function by reciting the Pakistani national anthem. Some 4000 Pakistani civilians and soldiers are helping Congo-Kinshasa stand on its feet. The school was established by Pakistan Army officers and soldiers as a gift to the people of Congo.
Quaid’s Jottings: 15 August, Last Friday Ramzan, Lucky Day. Quaid-e-Azam considered 15 August 1947 to be a lucky day being the last Friday of Ramzan. All the astrologers of India thought otherwise and entreated Mountbatten to change the date as 15 August was ‘a day cursed by the stars’. Photo by
Quaid’s Stern Warning to Churchill. Photo by Doc Kazi.
Stamps Issued by Pakistan Post on Dec 25, 1966. These stamps were issued to celebrate 90th Birth Anniversary of Quaid-e-Azam.
Stamps Issued on First Death Anniversary of Quaid on 11 September 1949
Quaid on 50 Paisa Coin, issued on 22 December 1976
Quaid on 500 Rupee Gold Coin, issued on 22 February 1977. This commemorative Gold coin was issued on the occasion of the 100th birth anniversary of Quaid-e-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah. It weighed 4.50 grams and had 91.70% Gold content.
Quaid on 100 Rupee Silver Coin, issued on 22 February 1977. This commemorative Silver coin was issued on the occasion of the 100th birth anniversary of Quaid-e-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah. It weighed 22.44 grams and had 92.50% Silver and 7.50% Copper and/or Cadmium content.
Quaid on 1 Rupee Bronze Coin, issued on 8 September 1998
Quaid on 1 Rupee Aluminum Coin, issued in 2007
Quaid on 5000 Rupee Note, issued on 27 May 2006
Quaid on 1000 Rupee Note, issued on 26 February 2007
Quaid on 500 Rupee Note, issued on 11 November 2006
Quaid on 100 Rupee Currency Note, issued on 11 November 2006
Quaid on 50 Rupee Currency Note, issued on 8 July 2008
Quaid on 20 Rupee Currency Note, issued on 22 March 2008
Quaid on 10 Rupee Currency Note, issued on 27 May 2006
Quaid on 5 Rupee Currency Note, issued on 8 July 2008, Discontinued on 31 Dec 2012
Quaid on old 1000 Rupee Currency Note. It is still in Circulation but no longer printed.
Quaid on old 500 Rupee Currency Note. It is still in Circulation but no longer printed.
Quaid on old 100 Rupee Currency Note. It is still in Circulation but no longer printed.
Quaid on old 50 Rupee Pakistani Currency Note. It is still in Circulation but no longer printed.
Quaid on old 10 Rupee Pakistani Currency Note. It is still in Circulation but no longer printed.
Quaid on old 5 Rupee Pakistani Currency Note. This currency note is no longer in circulation.
Quaid on 100 Rupee Hajj Note, used from 1970 to 1978. Due to the large number of pilgrims to the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, the State Bank of Pakistan provided simple exchange facilities for Hajj pilgrims. The issue of special notes for the express use of the pilgrims was introduced. Although other means of exchange were considered, the high level of illiteracy among the Pakistani pilgrims and the additional costs that would be incurred through the need to purchase such means prevented the government from these methods of exchange. The State Bank Order to allow the issue of these “Hajj notes” was made in May 1950. The use of Hajj notes continued until 1978. Until this date, stocks of notes were used without the necessity of printing new notes with the signatures of the later Governors.
Quaid on 10 Rupee Hajj Note, Used from 1960 to 1969
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