Editor’s Note: Rare black & white photos of Madina dating back to 1850 are in the last portion of this page.
Brief History: Madina (Madinah), “The City of the Prophet”, is located in the Hejaz region of western Saudi Arabia. It is the capital of the Al Madinah Province. After Mecca, it is the second holiest city in Islam. It became Prophet Muhammad’s (PBUH) home after the Hijrah. The city was known as Yathrib, but was personally renamed as Medina by the Prophet (PBUH). Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) is buried in this city. Like Mecca, entry to Madina is also prohibited for all non-Muslims. Three oldest mosques are located in Madina. These are Al-Masjid an-Nabawi (The Prophet’s Mosque), Quba Mosque (Islam’s first mosque), and Masjid al-Qiblatain (Here the qibla was changed from Jerusalem to Mecca). Jannat al-Baqi, a grave yard, is just across from Masjid an-Nabawi where Hazrat Fatimah and Hazrat Hassan are buried.
A Dreamy Night View of Masjid an Nabawi with Full Moon Overhead
A View of Madina, Masjid an Nabawi in Foreground
Another View of Masjid-an-Nabawi
A Beautiful View of Masjid an Nabawi and its Compound
Clouds Over Masjid an Nabawi, Madina
Masjid an Nabawi during Rain
Another Beautiful Night View of Masjid an Nabawi, Madina
An Eye catching view of Masjid an Nabawi. Photo taken from Janat ul-Baqi side.
A Majestic View of Masjid an Nabawi in Madina
A Lovely View of Umbrellas in the Compound of Masjid an Nabawi
Interior View of Masjid an Nabawi, with Majestic Pillars
A Door of Masjid an Nabawi
Three Magnificent doors of Masjid an Nabawi
Jannat ul-Baqi. Jannat ul-Baqi (جنة البقيع) is a cemetery in Madina, adjacent to Masjid an-Nabawi. It contains many of Prophet Muhammad’s (PBUH) relatives and companions. On1 May 1925, mausoleums in Jannat ul-Baqi’ were demolished by King Ibn Saud of Saudi Arabia despite protests by the international Islamic community.
A Pigeon Sitting on a Grave in Jannat ul-Baqi, Madina
Masjid al Ghamama, Masjid Abu Bakar and Masjid Ali in relation to Masjid an Nabawi. This photo clearly shows the three mosques located at a walking distance from Masjid an Nabawi. These three mosques are also very close to each other. Masjid al Ghamama (shown in Green rectangle), Masjid Abu Bakar (shown in Blue rectngle) and Masjid Ali (shown in Red rectangle).
Masjid Al Ghamama, Madina. Masjid Al Ghamama (مسجد الغمامة) is located next to the Masjid an Nabawi in Madina. The word `ghamam` in Arabic means clouds. This mosque has been given this name because it is the place where the Prophet (PBUH) prayed for rainfall after which it rained profusely.This mosque was built on the place where Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) used to perform Salat Al-Eid and Salat Al-Istesqa’a for a long time.
Another Photo of Masjid Al-Ghamama, Madina. Photo taken by Yasir Ahmed on April 14, 2014.
Masjid Ali in Madinah. It is at walking distance from Masjid an Nabawi.
Masjid al-Quba in Medina. The Quba Mosque (Masjid al-Quba (مسجد قباء) or Quba’ Masjid) in Medina, is the oldest mosque in the world. Its first stones were positioned by Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) on his emigration from Mecca to Madina and the mosque was completed by his companions. Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) used to go there every Saturday and offer a two rak’ah prayer. He advised others to do the same, saying, “Whoever makes ablutions at home and then goes and prays in the Mosque of Quba, he will have a reward like that of an ‘Umrah.” This hadith is reported by Ahmad ibn Hanbal, Al-Nasa’i, Ibn Majah and Hakim al-Nishaburi.
Masjid al-Qiblatain, Madina. Masjid al-Qiblatain (المسجد القبلتین) (Mosque of the two Qiblas) is a mosque in Madina in which Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), while leading the prayer was commanded by Allah to change the direction of prayer (qibla) from Jerusalem to Mecca. Thus it uniquely contained two prayer niches (mihrabs). Recently the mosque was renovated, removing the old prayer niche facing Jerusalem and leaving the one facing Mecca. The Qiblatain Mosque is among the three earliest mosques in Islam’s history, along with Quba Mosque and Masjid an-Nabawi.
Masjid Jummah Madinah. Masjid Jumma his about 2.5 km from Masjid-an-Nabawi. Here the Prophet (PBUH) led the first Jummah salat, shortly after his Hijrah from Mecca. It is also known as Masjid Bani Salim, Masjid al wadi, Masjid Ghubaib and Masjid Aatikah. Photo by mis4kids.
Miqat Mosque, Medina. The Miqat Mosque is 14 kilometers away from the Masjid-an-Nabawi. Here the pilgrims proceeding to Mecca from Medina wear their ihram prior to performing Haj or Umrah, and make niyah (the intention). This mosque has many names, such as Miqat, Aaba Ali, Bir Ali, Al-Shajarah Mosque (tree mosque) and Al-Mu’ris Mosque. The mosque was built by the Caliph Umar bin Abdulaziz when he was prince of Madinah and renewed during the Abbassid and Ottoman eras. It was later expanded and renewed by the order of King Abdul Aziz.
Ambariah Mosque, Medina. It is located near the old Heajaz Railway station of Madina.
Hejaz Railway Station, Medina. Refurbished historic Railway station of the Hejaz Railway in downtown Madinah. Photo by Korkykorkson. It has been converted into Hejaz Railway Museum which opened in 2006.
Hejaz Railway Station Madinah
Steam Engine at Hejaz Railway Museum Madinah
A Coach at Hejaz Railway Museum Madinah
Hejaz Railway Map 1914. The Hejaz Railway was a narrow gauge railway that ran from Damascus (Syria) to Medina, through the Hejaz region of Saudi Arabia, with a branch line to Haifa on the Mediterranean Sea. It was a part of the Ottoman railway network and was built to extend the line from Istanbul beyond Damascus to the holy city of Mecca. But due to the start of First World War it terminated at Medina and was 400 km (250 miles) short of Mecca. The length of the track from Damascus to Medina is 1,300 km (810 miles). This railway was suggested in 1864 to relieve the suffering of the hajis on their 40-day journey through the deserts and mountains of Midian, the Nafud, and the Hejaz. The railway was started in 1900 and was built largely by the Turks, with German advice and support. The railway reached Medina on September 1, 1908, the anniversary of the Ottoman Sultan’s accession. Compromises had to be made in order to finish by this date, with some sections of track being laid on temporary embankments across wadis. In 1913 the Hejaz Railway Station was opened in central Damascus as the starting point of the line. After the fall of the Ottoman Empire the railway did not reopen south of the Jordanian-Saudi Arabian border. An attempt was made in the mid-1960s, but this was abandoned due to the Six Day War in 1967.
Site of Ghazwah-e-Badr. The Ghazwah-e-Badr (Battle of Badr) was fought on 17 Ramadan, 2 AH (13 March, 624 AD) at the wells of Badr, 80 miles (130 km) southwest of Madina. It was fought between the Muslims and pagans of Mecca whose strength was three times larger than the poorly equipped Muslim Army. It was a decisive victory for Muslims with divine help. This battle is also mentioned in the Quran.The Qur’an describes the force of the Muslim attack in many verses, which refer to thousands of angels descending from Heaven at Badr to terrify the Quraish. It proved a milestone in Prophet Muhammad’s (PBUH) struggle with his adversaries and paved a way for spread of Islam in the Arabian peninsula.
Site of Ghazwah-e-Badr. Right arrow in the photo shows “Al Odoat Al Dunea” where Muslim Camp was located. Middle arrow shows the passage through which convoy of Abu Sufyan passed. Left arrow shows “Malaeka Mountain” where Angels Jebreal and Mekael were sent by Allah with 1,000 of Malaeka (angels) to help the Muslims against disbelievers.
Masjid Al Areesh at Badr. Masjid Al Areesh is built on the historical spot where Muslims constructed a shade for the Prophet (S.A.W.) which was used as command center for the great battle of Badr.
Water Spring at Badr
Site of Ghazwah Uhud. The Battle of Uhud (Gazwah Uhud) was fought on 03 Shawwal, 3 AH (March 19, 625 .D) on the slopes and plains of Mount Uhud (Height: 1,077 m, 3,533 ft) between Muslims of Madina, led by prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.), and a force of Meccans led by Abu Sufyan ibn Harb. The Meccans wanted to avenge their defeat at Badr. In the initial battle, the greatly outnumbered Muslims (700 Muslims versus 30,000 Meccans), forced the Meccan Army back, leaving their camp unprotected. When the battle almost looked to be a Muslim victory, a blunder was committed by the Muslim archers, which shifted the result of the battle. A breach of prophet’s (s.a.w.) orders by the Muslim archers, who left their posts to seek the booty from the Meccan camp, paved way for a surprise attack from the Meccan cavalry, led by Khalid ibn al-Walid. This attack created disarray and many Muslims were killed. Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.) was also injured. After a fierce combat, the Muslims withdrew and regrouped higher up on the slopes of Uhud. The Meccans’ cavalry was unable to climb the slopes of Uhud, so the fighting stopped. The Prophet (s.a.w.) gathered his men together, rebuked them for their folly, exhorted them to obey orders in future, and led the chastened Medinites out to face the victorious Meccans once more. He came up with them in the early hours of the next morning. When the day dawned, the Meccans were running from battle field and Prophet PBUH had turned the defeat into victory. The Battle of Uhud was a major setback for the Muslims. According to the Qur’an, the misfortunes at Uhud, largely due to the negligence of the archers at rear guard abandoning their post in order to seek booty, were partly a punishment and partly a test for steadfastness. The Quranic verses provided inspiration and hope to the Muslims. They were not demoralized and the battle reinforced the solidarity between them.
Mount Uhud, Madinah
Another View of Jabal Uhud in Madina
Site of Ghazwah al-Ahzab (Battle of the Trench). Also known as Jang-e-Khandaq and Ghazwa-e-Khandaq. The battle was a fortnight-long siege of Madina by Arab and Jewish tribes. The strength of nonbelievers was 10,000 men, while the Muslims numbered 3,000. The battle began on March 31, 627. The outnumbered Muslims led by prophet Muhammad (PBUH), dug a trench, which together with Medina’s natural fortifications, rendered the confederate cavalry useless, locking the two sides in a stalemate. The confederates tried to convince the Medina-allied Banu Qurayza to attack the city from the south but prophet Muhammad’s (PBUH) diplomacy upset the talks, and broke up the confederacy against him. The well-entrenched Muslims, the crumbling of confederate morale, and poor weather conditions caused the siege to end in a failure.
An Old Photo of Madina and Masjid an Nabawi
An Old Picture of Masjid an Nabawi in Madina
A Rare Photo of Masjid al-Quba at Madinah
An old Black & White Photo of Masjid an Nabawi
Jannat ul-Baqi’ Before Demolition of 1925 by King Ibn Saud
A Rare Black & White Photo of Masjid an Nabawi
Very Old Photo of Masjid-an-Nabawi and Madina City
Extremely Rare View of Masjid an Nabawi, Madina-1850
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