My Old but Ever New Pindi (Part 9)

By Rafique Ahmed Khan, Dubai

Rafique Ahmed Khan

Rafique Ahmed Khan

Editor’s Note: The writer was born and brought up in Rawalpindi. He studied in Denny’s High School, Mission High School and Gordon College. He worked as a Consultant in Provisioning & Stock Control and Logistics in various Organisations. Finally retired from PIA and now lives in Dubai. He is writing a series of articles about the life in Rawalpindi during 1930s, 40s and 50s.

Continued from Part 8 ………..

The  Cantonment in Pindi used to be known as the cleanest and second to none in every type of civic activities in rest of India. In spite of a multi religious residential area, there was a complete harmony, religious freedom and unity amongst all. All the Mosques, Mandirs, Gurdwaras and Churches were functioning smoothly without any interference. The administration was so strict that no one could dare do any crime without being punished immediately. Of course the religious/political processions and gatherings were not allowed in the open places. No other activity except the prayer was allowed in the religious places.

The common average Indian civilians were mostly living in streets and small lanes; whereas high gentry lived in bungalows and fashionable areas along with the British civilians. A very rich sector belonged to Bohra Muslims called Seth. Such very famous Seths were Seth Adamji, Seth Mamoonji. This Sect would not mix up with common people and remained confined in their own community. They are all in business profession dealers in Arms/Ammunition & Hardware. They still live in the central area called Saddar, and go to Jamaat Khana for prayers.

Rawalpindi Photo: Eid ul Fitr 2010 in Saifee Masjid Rawalpindi Saddar

Eid ul Fitr 2010 in Saifee Masjid Rawalpindi Saddar.

There used to be a big population of Anglo Indians (now extinct in Pakistan) also who mostly lived in the Westridge area in railway accommodations, and Lal Kurti area.

I still remember the Anglo Indian ladies and old gentlemen used to visit Military Poultry Farm in the Westridge, where I was posted during 1945. They used to come daily in the evenings to enjoy watching the different imported breeds of Poultry, rabbits, and guinea fowls. They used to bring sandwiches and tea to share with me and would show eagerness in poultry breeding. I remember one Mrs. Davies and her sister who lived opposite the bungalow where Col. Umar Khitab used to live. They were quite elderly well built bodied and very active and visited almost daily for very long. They were very sweet and soft spoken ladies.

At a small distance from the Military Poultry Farm, there was a big Piggery by the name of Sharp’s Piggery run by a British Mr. Haye, who used to keep high bred racing horses also. He also used to visit the Poultry Farm frequently; and arranged sending minced pig’s offal, lungs and liver for the birds free of any cost daily.

Old ad of Hearsons Incubators

Old ad of Hearson’s Incubators.

The British administration was very keen and interested to promote the modern type of poultry farming. A large number of heavy size electric incubators (Secura), and Kerosene run incubators (Hearson’s Champion, Griffin & Tatlocke) were imported and were used in hatching the costly eggs.

As the affairs in the Poultry Farm were running in full scale; suddenly I received an order to my horror, from the Pakistan Government during late 1947 or early 1948 to send all the live stock including all the imported birds and rabbits etc., to Royal Pakistan ASC for further distribution of the same for the consumption thereof in the Army Units. I may mention that the Farm had very precious and costly birds of imported breeds like Rode Island Red, White Leghorn, Light Sussex, Black Minorca, and rabbits like Giant Flemish, and Khaki Campbell, etc. I can not express the feeling  of disappointment, uneasiness and anger  in words here by the Anglo Indians in the Westridge, especially by Mr. Haye of Sharp’s Piggery, and every sensible person who learnt about this order.

While in the rest of the world modern poultry farming was being introduced on very high scale to achieve a better quality of eggs and chickens; in Pakistan it was being ordered to wind up a flourishing Poultry Farm producing high quality of breeding and table eggs and birds. Evidently I had to obey the orders with heavy heart, and disposed off all the live stock accordingly, closed the Poultry Farm and reported to the Main Military Farms. The equipment was sold to the second hand material dealers (KABAREES), and the Poultry Farm was locked up; which was later on took over by the Army Dog Breeding Training Centre & School.

Rawalpindi Photos: TO BE CONTINUED …………

Army Dog Breeding Training Centre & School, Westridge, Rawalpindi


Rawalpindi Photo: Hathi Chowk, Rawalpindi

Hathi Chowk, Rawalpindi.

Famous attractive places in the Cantonment were Saddar Bazaar, Babu Mohalla, Hathi Chowk, Main Market for Meat/fish/grocery and vegetables, Lal Kurti, Lunda Bazaar near Railway Station, Chik Bazaar, Kabari Bazaar. Hathi Chowk was very famous for food/snack shops where people enjoyed breakfast with “Halwa Puree”, Haleem, “Siri Paye”, green milk tea with “Malai”(cream), now known as Kashmiri pink tea, etc. The fresh cheese was only available in Hathi Chowk in the entire Pindi. A vendor who was from Peshawar used to come in the afternoon to sell fresh cheese right in the Central Hathi Chowk. His entire “Chaabrhi” containing total 5/6 kilos wrapped in green leaves used to finish within one to two hours.

Rawalpindi Pics: Jabbar Tailors, Bank Road, Rawalpindi

Jabbar Tailors, Bank Road, Rawalpindi.

The fashionable areas were The Mall Road, Dalhousie Road (now Kashmir Road), Edward Road (now Bank Road) and Lawrence Road (now Haider Road). Famous shops were in Ahatta Kirpa Ram where general merchandise/ crockery and tailoring shops were doing their business. Ismail Tailors, Jabbar Tailor, Master Khuda Bakhsh Tailor (My elder brothers and myself used to get our “BOSKI” shirts  stitched by Master Sahib), Haji Noor Din Tailors and Qazi Tailor were all high class tailors in this area. Ismail Tailors were the most expensive tailors and would attend to stitching only the military officers’ uniforms and for very high gentry.

Editor: The following photo shows Magistrate A.P. Gill (with a garland around his neck)  leaving Rawalpindi on his posting out in 1949. Master Khuda Baksh of Gown House is on his right wearing a turban. Photo contributed by Azam Gill, son of A.P. Gill.

Rawalpindi Pics: Magistrate A.P. Gill and Master Khuda Baksh of Gown House at Rawalpindi Railway Station 1949

Magistrate A.P. Gill (with garland) and Master Khuda Baksh, 1949.


Liaquat Ali Khan.

Liaquat Ali Khan.

The late Prime Minister Liaquat Ali Khan gave his measurements to this Ismail Tailors for his “SHERWANI” before his death in Pindi. Adjacent shops were the famous George Press and Model Photo shop mostly visited by the foreigners. There was another British photographer Mohatta Photographer on Kashmir Road. There was a Sheikh family which were carrying out big business in general merchandise crockery and electronics. This family had shops all over Saddar area. Sheikh Fazal Karim, Sheikh Abdul Latif  and Sheikh Abdul Rehman were running very big business. Some other famous shops were Cosmo Shoes, Adelji, London Book Shop which during pre- Partition period was called J Rays & Sons, Wilson Chemist was owned by a British Chemist before the Partition, Shaws Radios was owned by two British brothers, Time & Tune, Time & Co, etc.

Rawalpindi Pic: Banyan tree in Ahata Kirpa Ram, Photo by Khanpride's photostream

Banyan tree in Ahata Kirpa Ram, Bank Road, Rawalpindi.
(Photo by Khanpride’s photostream)

In the Lansdowne Cinema Building (now Plaza Cinema ) on The Mall Road there used to an old British Precision Instrument Mechanic. During early 1940s once when I went to his workshop, he was doing some repair job while standing, whereas his dog was sitting on his chair. After quite a long time the dog jumped down to greet his wife who brought something, it was then that the Mechanic occupied the chair to resume his job. I was much impressed to see his love and respect for his dear dog. TO BE CONTINUED …………

Related Pages:
My Old but Ever New Pindi (Part 1)
My Old but Ever New Pindi (Part 2) 
My Old but Ever New Pindi (Part 3) 
My Old but Ever New Pindi (Part 4)
My Old But Ever New Pindi (Part 5) 
My Old But Ever New Pindi (Part 6)
My Old But Ever New Pindi (Part 7)
My Old But Ever New Pindi (Part 8)
My Old But Ever New Pindi (Part 9)

My Old But Ever New Pindi (Part 10)
My Old But Ever New Pindi (Part 11)
My Old But Ever New Pindi (Part 12)
My Old But Ever New Pindi (Part 13)
My Old But Ever New Pindi (Part 14)
My Old but Ever New Pindi (Part 15)
My Old but Ever New Pindi (Part 16)
My Old But Ever New Pindi (Part 17)
My Old but Ever New Pindi (Part 18)
My Old but Ever New Pindi (Part 19)
Nostalgic Articles about Rawalpindi  
Rawalpindi Blog 

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  1. Jamil Ahmed says:

    Dear Rafique Khan sahib,
    Simply do not have words to express my gratitude on your excellent work. I am a grandson of Seth Adamji. The present Adamji Road in Rawalpindi is named after him. He also served as member of Cantonment Board and was also Vice President of Muslim League. I just want to make one small correction that we Bohra Muslim say our prayers in the Masjid and the jammat khana is used for community gatherings only.
    One of the popular general stores in Saddar was Essajee & sons.
    Sincerely hope you will continue to enlighten us with your memoirs.

    • Rafique Ahmed Khan says:

      Dear Jamil Ahmed Saheb,
      I have to thank you for your gracious comments and encouraging appreciation for my memoirs. Seth Adamji was very well known by my father who was a teacher in the Denny’s High School. One of my class fellows was Seth Fida Hussain upto 1935, thereafter I left to join the Mission High School. I still remember Essajee & Sons a famous general store in the Saddar area. Thank you for your correction regarding your prayers in the Bohra Mosque. During those days the Bohras remained very rich, very united sect of thorough gentlemen. A character certificate/testimonial given to me during 1940’s by Seth Adamjee is still with me as one of my very precious documents.
      Thanking you again and with the best of my regards

      • Jamil Ahmed says:

        Respested Rafique khan sahib,
        Thank you so very much for your reply and acknowledgement.
        We will be waiting eagerly for your cinematic writings on Pindi.
        If you would recall there was famous Bunda Paan Shop at Haathi Chowk and also Imperial Bakery famous for its namkeen biscuits and Marshall Bread. Please add more details of Saddar and Cantonment area.
        With best wishes and kind regards.

        • Rafique Ahmed Khan says:

          Dear Jamil Ahmed Saheb,
          Thank you for your further post reminding the Bunda Paan Shop & Imperial Bakery. I still remember both, especially the Imperial Bakery for its Marshal Bread & salted pastry “KHATTAEES” (Namkeen Biscuits), the Marshal was my favorite bread with a special peculiar flavor. This Marshal Bread was also prepared by the Army Bakery opposite the Denny’s High School, Now-a-days this bread is nowhere available with same original taste & flavor.
          Of course I will include more details of the Saddar area in my next episodes.
          Thanking you again, sir.

  2. Lt Col (R) Abdul Rashid Mughal says:

    I am Lt Col (R) Abdul Rashid Mughal, one of the sons of Master Khuda Buksh. We are delighted to read your blog. But at the same time there are a couple of corrections that we like to contribute to you for your further research.

    In Rawalpindi oldest tailors were Haji Noor Din & Sons followed by Master Khuda Buksh Tailors (Not Gown House but Master Khuda Buksh Tailors Only). Gown House belonging to Mr. Muhammad Hussain, son-in-law of Master Khuda Buksh & Vogue House belonging to Mr. Abdul Hameed, son of Master Sahib then followed by Ismael Tailors, Jabbar Tailors, etc.
    Incidentally Master Khuda Buksh enjoyed a very important political status starting in Murree from 1930’s where he was elected President Murree Muslim League from 1938 to 1952 unopposed. The Grand Mosque of Mall Road Murree was also founded by him in late 40’s on Rock Wood premises near GPO besides many other achievements.
    In Rawalpindi he attained fame in the same period & Brig. Fateh Ali (Father of Chaudhry Nisar Ali, current Interior Minister) & two Ministers from Rawalpindi i.e. Sheikh Masood Sadiq & Sardar Ameer Azam were his great political companions. During Partition years Master Khuda Buksh rehabilitated hundreds of refugees in Rawalpindi Cantt & City areas in the evacuee properties.
    Another very important work of Master Khuda Buksh was the construction of Jamia Mosque Commercial Block which still exists besides getting a big chunk of land earmarked for graveyard purposes near Murree Road from the then Deputy Commissioner Mr. Hardee in 1952.
    I have mentioned some of the facts & would really appreciate if someone could offer more information regarding the prominent figures of that era. We have quite a few pictures too & are looking forward to share our history with interested readers of your blog.

    I thank Mr. Rafique Ahmed Khan for recording the forgotten history. Maybe you can add something more. We wish you well.

    • Rafique Ahmed Khan says:

      Dear Lt Col Abdul Rashid Mughal,
      Many thanks for your detailed information regarding Late Master Khuda Bux. I knew him very well, along with other personalities you mentioned. In fac,t Sh. Masood Sadiq & Sardar Amir Azam were fast friends of my father-in-law Agha Ghulam Jilani owner of Imperial & Odeon Cinemas. Being a local citizen of Pindi and at the time when I was working in PIA & posted at Rawalpindi, M/S Jabbar Tailors & Ismail Tailors along with some others, were employed as official Tailors for PIA Staff. As such I knew them also very well. M/s Ismail Tailors were my neighbors on the Jamia Masjid Road.
      I may use your information in my next episodes. In the meanwhile I hope that you will go through all my 18 episodes which you may find interesting and also enable you to provide further details which I may have omitted.
      Thanking you again & with blesings.

      • Lt Col (R) Abdul Rashid Mughal says:

        My dear Rafique Sahib,
        We know each other very well. Mr. Rashid Jilani was a fast friend of my late brother, Col (R) Waheed Mughal. We know them all and always hold each other in great esteem. Incidentally my wife Shamim Rashid, your wife & Mrs. Shahida Sheikh are all CB College mates. She has one photograph which I intend to send to you to share with your wife, for that kindly share your email id.
        Besides one book on 100 notables of Rawalpindi was compiled by Syed Mustafa Shah Gilani which might be useful to you in this subject.
        We will remain in touch.

        • Rafique Ahmed Khan says:

          Dear Lt Col Abdul Rashid Mughal,
          Thank you very much for your digging the relations deep enough to enable me recollect about Syed Mustafa Shah Gilani who was my neighbor. He was a good orator and well known political figure in Pindi.
          My email is:
          Waiting anxiously to listen more from you.

  3. Zakria Zubair says:

    Rafique Sb,
    I must commend you for your efforts as I am a lover of history and of days gone by. My grandfather Sheikh Ghulam Hussain started a cloth shop by the name of Simla Cloth House in 1948. We still run it to this day, its on Bank Road Rawalpindi for past many years. My dad is quite interested in learning about Rawalpindi in that era after Partition; sadly our elders passed away long ago to tell us these stories.

    • Rafique Ahmed Khan says:

      Dear Mr. Zakria Sahib,
      Thank you for your appreciation. As far as I remember Simla Cloth House was first opened in the Raja Bazaar adjacent to Punjab Boot House. If I do not make any mistake your grandfather Sheikh Ghulam Hussain was bearded well built gentleman with fair complexion. His fairly big & well stocked shop at Bank Road was near Ismail Tailors. Their business further was divided and at a later stage one of their family member got married from the family known as M A REHMAN & SONS building contractors residents of Murree Road who later shifted to Satellite Town.
      Please do read all the relevant episodes of my memoirs to know more of Pindi.

      • Thanks for the reply Rafique Sb. I am really sorry for not replying earlier; had been away for a while. Yes my grandfather first opened the shop in Raja Bazaar and then moved to Bank Road (Nawai Waqt Building). I have notifed my uncles, bazurg and friends of your writings and sharp memory of old Rawalpindi. Looking forward to a book as well.

        • Rafique Ahmed Khan says:

          Thank you Mr Zakria Zubair Saheb for your nice comments, I will feel very happy to reply any further query in this regard.
          With blessings & Thanking you again.

  4. Rehan Saleem says:

    Mr. Rafique Ahmed Khan,
    Sir, hats off to you, an unprecedented effort on your part being son of the soil. I came across your article by chance and got engrossed. Such a valuable treasure you have collected. My father keeps telling us all about these things that you have mentioned. He is also a graduate of Gordon College and so am I, only with a difference of 40 years or so.
    What a city it was and how it has now deteriorated into bricks, boulders, walls, barricades and barbed wires. Your book will undoubtedly serve as a guiding light for posterity and enliven the memories of veterans, thus it is much needed.

    May you live long, happy and healthy life.

    • Dear Mr., Rehan Saleem Sahib,
      Many thanks four such a gracious and encouraging appreciation. It was Lt. Col (R) Rashid Cheema the Editor, who advised and encouraged me to collect my memoirs. Obviously after gaining a rich experience of life, one should lay down and register what ever one has witnessed through the period; for the information of the youngsters to enjoy and learn about the past.
      With my best compliments to your illustrious father and blessings to you

  5. Maj (R) Khalid Saeed Shah says:

    I have no appropriate words to praise this nostalgic article about Rawalpindi.

    • Rafique Ahmed Khan says:

      Dear Maj Khalid Saeed Shah,
      So nice of you sir, four gracious appreciation.
      with blessings,

  6. Nasir Sultan says:

    Excellent & elaborate description, thanks Rafique Sahib. Thanks a lot Col Rashid for forwarding this article.

  7. Shaheda Rizvi, Canada says:

    Dear Rafique khan Saheb,

    What a formidable memory complemented by rich experiences that have only enhanced your innate goodness and consequential wisdom.

    Re: Cosmos & London Book Company. Those are the two stores I recall very fondly. At the Cosmos shoes, one got fitted to custom shoes and a Chinese shoe maker took the foot imprint. I hope I am referring to the right store. The London Book Company — Absolutely unforgettable for its fine writing notebooks. We realized that those notebooks were a rarity when we moved to Karachi. Early 70s my best friend from Karachi married Ashok Advani who then owned the London Book Co.

    I’d love to see all that in one great classic and Rashid Cheema’s plans with Azam Gill’s assistance could be even more vitalizing for Pindi-ites who long for those good old times.

    So many thanks.

    • Rafique Ahmed Khan says:

      Dear Madam,
      So nice and kind of you to read my memoirs. The Owner of M/s Cosmo Mr. Minto was my class fellow; and I never bought any shoe from any other shop except his for the reasons of their quality and comfort while wearing the same. I knew also the Chinese shoe maker Mr. Fu who used to run his business from the Corner Shop on the same road

      For a very long time I had been buying books from London Book Co: reading being my old hobby. I read almost all the novels written by John Creezy during 1950s and onward which I purchased/borrowed from them.

      Lt Col Rashid Cheema and Mr. Azam Gill have been so nice and kind to show their intention to undertake the compilation of my memoirs.
      With blessings.

  8. Brig (R) Asad Hakeem says:

    An excellent read. Jabbar Tailor is now being run by Arshad Jabbar. Besides Odeon and Plaza we also have Ciroz cinema in SADDAR.

  9. Saqib Malik says:

    Nice article.

  10. Dear Rafique Sahib,
    One of my friends Azam Gill living in France, (a prolific writer and PhD in English) has volunteered to assist you in your intending book on Pindi Memoirs. Before that happens, even before the themes are laid out and the book structured, the language shortfall must be compensated for. That is his professional opinion.
    He writes literary comments on all your articles.
    Gill has taught in Grenoble University’s Polytechnic and also taught English in French Navy. Presently he is teaching English at one of the Toulouse University colleges.
    He used to write a monthly column on Geopolitics for The National Educator, a Californian monthly paper. His political articles were published in non-fiction book form under the title
    Winds of Change: Geopolitics and the World Order

    He has also written two novels, ‘Blood Money’ and ‘Flight to Pakistan’. Gill now has two other novels in the pipeline. He is an Active Member of the International Association of Thriller Writers, and a Contributing Editor of the association’s webzine, “The Big Thrill”.

    • Rafique Ahmed Khan says:

      Dear Editor,
      Neither I have any experience nor I am a professional writer: hence it is rather impossible for me to take over this project especially in this advanced age. But I will be too happy if you arrange compiling of my memoirs into a book; and in this regard you do not need any further consent from me. My only apprehension: whether any classical compensation to the short falls in my simple and extempore language render it lose its originality; a main attraction for my readers.
      I could feel a remarkable difference in the relevance & approach through literary side to the points expressed in his posts by Mr. Azam Gill; and I really appreciated his comments.
      Thanking you and Mr. Azam Gill for the personal attention in this regard.

  11. Lt Gen (R) M. Kamal Akbar says:

    Very interesting. Inspite of his age, Mr.Rafiique has a very good and lucid memory of things in pre-Partition days. I always enjoy his articles. When do we expect a book?

    • Rafique Ahmed Khan says:

      Dear Lt Gen M Kamal Akbar,
      Many thanks sir, for your gracious appreciation.
      With blessings.

  12. Maj Gen (R) Parvez Akmal says:

    Dear Khan Sahib,
    As-slamo A’laikum,
    A beautiful article on good old Rawalpindi again; my sincere greetings n’ appreciations. Yes, your nostalgic Pindi accounts must be compiled into English and Urdu book forms. This challenging work would, however, need a theme statement, an outline plan and some research work to gather more content and make the books sizable enough. Your personal accounts, duly edited, will then appear as gems within. Col Rashid may like to consider organizing a small team of volunteers to take on this daunting task, whilst you only steer here and there, as convenient.
    My prayers and profound regards,
    P.S: A number of other beautiful articles, on diverse subjects, done by different authors on this forum could also be considered for inclusion in the intended book.

  13. Faisal Niaz Tirmizi, USA says:

    Chronicler of a town and age which is history. I agree this must be compiled in a book.

  14. Mehmud Ahmed (Canada) says:

    Rafique Bhai Jan,
    I have been reading your articles with great interest. Please keep this up untill you have enough material for booklet for English as well as Urdu edition. I will go through my files on the net and see if I can supply you some pictures of old Rawalpindi. Salams to all around you. Abid is in Miami nowadays.

  15. Syed Shahid Salam, Canada says:

    As usual, a very interesting article. Congratulations Mr. Rafique. The Anglo-Indians of Pakistan (I think you may have meant extinct, not distinct) have all, except a few, migrated to Australia and Canada. The Parsis too have all gone. There was a small Jewish community in Karachi; they too all left. With the growing religious bigotry and intolerance, their survival instincts must have led them to seek safer havens.
    Remember too that the immediate family of Mr. Jinnah, his daughter and grandchildren have never stepped foot in the country, except once when he died and I believe one other time.
    Not only were the mosques, the temples, the gurdwaras , the churches safe in those days; so also were the people of different faiths.

    Editor: Quaid-e-Azam’s daughter came to Pakistan twice. You may see the pics of both visits here:
    Family of Quaid-e-Azam

    • Dear Syed Shahid Salam Sahib,
      You are quite right sir, about the unfortunate religious bigotry & intolerance prevailing in our country. It will remain dominant along with our illiterate Imams and such religious scholars with little knowledge who keep leading us unchecked. The responsibility lies on us who follow such people blindly.

  16. Brig Latif says:

    Wonderful serial….!
    Please keep writing…….and then do publish it in the form of a book.

  17. Vinaya Saijwani says:

    This is beautiful Mr. Rafique Khan. Please continue with your memories! I hope someone writes about Rohri where my father was born.

    • Dear Madam Vinaya Sajwani,
      Thank you for your nice appreciation. Your pain of missing your place of birth is really worth being felt and shared. It can only be cured with the vanishing of the religious bigotry and intolerance universally.
      With blessings.

  18. Azam Gill, France says:

    Rafique Sahib, I bow my head in homage to you.

    T. N. Murari wrote an excellent sequel to Kipling’s “Kim”: “The Imperial Agent”.

    A perilous undertaking at best, to claim literary kinship with Kipling in which he admirably succeeded.

    However, if he’d (Murari) had you by his side, he could have recreated the atmosphere you write about to complement the Freedom Movement which is the backdrop for an older Kim.

    That is why I bow to you, sir.

    NB: Nedou’s, Flashman’s, Faletti’s, Sam’s, Lintotts, etc – I used to love going there.

    • Shahid Salam says:

      Faletti’s is where I believe Stewart Granger and Ava Gardner stayed when they were filming Bowani Junction.
      I remember having my first cup of coffee at Lintott’s in Murree.

  19. Muhammad Shahin says:

    Rafique Sahib,
    This is really excellent. I am impressed that you new the old name of now Plaza/ Odean Cinema as Lansdowne and Elphinstine cinemas. Please keep on doing this great job. Thanks.

  20. Rafique Khan Sahib,
    An excellent article about Rawalpindi Cantonment before Partition.
    What was the exact location of Lansdowne Cinema Building and what is its new name?

    • Muhammad Shahin says:

      It was either Plaza or Odean cinema, then there were only two cinemas in Rawalpindi cantonment known as Lansdowne and Elphinstine.

      • Dear Editor,
        The Lansdowne & the Odeon cinemas were both in the same compound side by side, belonging to Cantonment Board Office. New name of Lansdowne Cinema is Plaza Cinema now. The Lansdowne Cinemas was a chain of Cinemas built in Pindi, Peshawar and some other cities by a rich Sikh resident of Pindi. Regret I am unaware of any Elphinstine Cinema in Pindi.

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