My Old but Ever New Pindi (Part 13)

By Rafique Ahmed Khan, Dubai   

Rafique Ahmed Khan

Rafique Ahmed Khan

Editor’s Note: The writer was born in Rawalpindi in 1925. He studied in Denny’s High School, Mission High School and Gordon College. He now lives in Dubai. He is writing a series of articles about the life in Rawalpindi during 1930s, 40s and 50s.  

Continued from Part 12………..

I had been highlighting about the cleanliness of Pindi, which was notably better in quality in the Cantonment area than the city. As far as I remember, during 1930s and before the roads in the Cantonment were all metaled, but the sole of same was only cobbled in the city without being sprayed with Coal-Tar to make them dust proof.  The only exception was the Murree Road which was metaled: whereas a portion of this road in front of the ISLAMIA HIGH SCHOOL was reinforced with concrete cement during 1940s as an experiment to see the result of such type of road.

Brick-lined muddy road

Brick-lined muddy road.

With the exception of the Murree Road no other road was metaled, with the result that during rains it used to become extremely difficult to walk on these roads which became heavily muddied. There were no side walks for the pedestrians; and the people used to “cat walk” on the furrows in the mud made by the tyres of the passing truck or car, to avoid their foot wear gathering lot of mud. It was a scene worth seeing when the clothing of the pedestrians were sprayed with mud by the passing cars and the persons abusing the driver, and looking so helpless but mad with anger. The Raja Bazaar, Jamia Masjid Road, Purana Qilla, Bazaar Saraafan, Teli Mohalla and many such famous places in the inner city were worst affected during rains. During the heavy rains these areas were flooded/inundated with waist deep water. But the water cleared quickly as the drainage system was kept clean.

The sole of the main streets was covered with bricks to walk on with the drainage passing through the middle; as against the present system, where the drainage is made on both the sides, and which being quite improved way facilitated convenient walking. Metaling the streets with concrete cement slabs were started during 1950s. Now the streets do not become muddy at least during rains.

During 1940s and earlier the underground sewerage system was invariably cleaned almost daily; and we never heard of chocking of any sewerage. After the Partition the situation started deteriorating, with the result that now almost the entire sewerage system is at the verge of break down. During the British regime the local administration had to be vigilant in their official performance; being  answerable for any inefficiency. All the class IV employees (sanitary staff), did not or could not think of any malingering or carelessness in their routine. Strict discipline was enforced and full output was obtained from the workers. I never saw any heap of filth lying by the roadside unattended, which was removed by the next mobile collection team in line coming from the previous point.

Members of the local Self Government, who were elected by the public used to be very vigilant and regularly checked the sanitation staff. I still remember the Member from my Ward used to go round the streets early in the mornings to check/inspect the sanitation progress. He used to surprise check the presence of the sanitary workers and their Supervisor as a daily routine.

Though the existence of corruption and malingering can not be denied during old days, but it was so negligent that it could easily be handled and corrected. This vice was visible in the Municipality, Civil Courts and Police but it was surely restricted to only a few persons who could be recognized due to visible guilt of conscious on their faces. Whereas the corruption, now a days is prevalent on a whole sale basis done with sense of pride and matter of right; it was considered then to be mean, shameful and disgraceful act below the dignity.

When I compare the situation prevailing during the pre 1940s days with the one prevailing now a days; the former looks like a dream. Similarly any written account about the old era may be taken as an unbelievable fiction. It was extremely difficult for us to believe that in future the gold will be sold @ Rs. 60000/- per tola as against Rs. 12/-, Mutton @ Rs. 400/-per kilo as against Rs. 0.4/- , Milk @ Rs. 80/- against Rs. 0.16/- per litre (One rupee was equal to 16 annas or 64 paisas) etc, etc,.



There were some ugly practices also prevalent in the city area. The Gowalas (fresh milk sellers) who owned sizable herd of buffaloes used to keep their herds in the buildings in the street, and used to move the herds out of the city twice a day; taking them to the Nullah Leh which flowed winding through the city, for bathing/cleaning. When such herds were moving on the roads all the traffic used to be interrupted and stopped.


Dung-cakes drying on the wall.

The route also was littered with the animal dung, though it was immediately collected by the woman (following the herd) for making dung-cakes (GOHYAS, UPPLEYS) for fuel. These dung-cakes were used mostly by Muslims as a cheap fuel. This practice automatically solved the cleaning problem acting like a catalyst. The ashes from the burnt dung-cakes were used by mainly the Muslims to wash/cleanse the utensils.

The individual owners of milch animals used to tie their animals in front of their houses. They kept free lance Gowalas who used to clean, feed and milk the animals at fixed times of the day. This practice was really a nuisance for the neighbors in the form of offensive smell of the dung and the animal itself. In case of any objection by the neighbors the cattle was taken and tied inside the entrance of the house. The owners had to pay a certain amount as fee to the Municipality to keep the animals. Such cases were very rare in number, main reason being economical.

The Hindus used to keep the herd of cows in a specified area called Gaoo Shala. One Gaoo Shala was situated near the Shamshan Bhoomi (Hindu cremation site) near the Nullah Leh. The supply of the fresh cows milk was made from this Gaoo Shala to the consumers in the city area. This dairy was maintained properly as regards the hygiene and cleanliness of the sheds and open ground and the production of milk was concerned.

Goat milk.

Goat milk.

In addition to the cow and buffalo milk, the goat milk was also available freely. The sellers of the goat milk used to roam all over the streets with a herd of goats, and would start milking the goats when asked for milk. The consumers would get the milk straight from the goat to their container; and which was taken without boiling. The goat milk was considered as very healthy drink for the children. Often the children were made to sit near the goat to drink the milk straight from the teats, without using any glass/cup. The practice looked funny but it was surely the most hygienic way to avoid using the contaminated utensils. The children who otherwise do not take milk easily; also enjoyed this type of method. TO BE CONTINUED……………

Related Pages:
My Old but Ever New Pindi (Part 1)
My Old but Ever New Pindi (Part 2) 
My Old but Ever New Pindi (Part 3) 
My Old but Ever New Pindi (Part 4)
My Old But Ever New Pindi (Part 5) 
My Old But Ever New Pindi (Part 6)
My Old But Ever New Pindi (Part 7)
My Old But Ever New Pindi (Part 8)
My Old But Ever New Pindi (Part 9)

My Old But Ever New Pindi (Part 10)
My Old But Ever New Pindi (Part 11)
My Old But Ever New Pindi (Part 12)
My Old But Ever New Pindi (Part 13)
My Old But Ever New Pindi (Part 14)
My Old but Ever New Pindi (Part 15)
My Old but Ever New Pindi (Part 16)
My Old But Ever New Pindi (Part 17)
My Old but Ever New Pindi (Part 18)
My Old but Ever New Pindi (Part 19)
Nostalgic Articles about Rawalpindi  
Rawalpindi Blog 

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  1. Col (R) Abdul Rashid Mughal says:

    We should not forget some of those who delivered towards Muslim cause in those difficult times as circumstances were quite different. A comprehensive book ‘Tareekh e Rawalpindi 2011’ by Raja Muhammad Arif and an old book on the same subject by Mr. Siddiqui who is not alive now. Mian Hayat Bakhsh had told me shortly before his death that he along with my father had gone to Bombay to invite Quaid-e-Azam to join Muslim League in 1930 as stated by him in a Radio interview. There are many other things need to be put on record. Things in 1930s-40s were very different.

    • Rafique Ahmed Khan says:

      Dear Col Rashid Mughal,
      Thank you for such an informative comment. I am posting copy from Archives pertaining the period 1930–35 throwing some light on the life of the Quad-i-Azam during the aforesaid period.

      Beginning in 1933, Indian Muslims, especially from the United Provinces, began to urge Jinnah to return to India and take up again his leadership of the Muslim League, an organisation which had fallen into inactivity.[73] He remained titular president of the League,[f] but declined to travel to India to preside over its 1933 session in April, writing that he could not possibly return there until the end of the year.[74] Abdul Rahim Dard, an eloquent speaker, Prominent Ahmadiyya missionary and a prolific writer met Jinnah in March 1933 and tried to convince him to return to India being direly needed by the Indian Muslims. Dard told Jinnah that Jinnah’s abandonment of politics in British India was dire for the Muslim cause. Jinnah agreed to return. To symbolize his return to politics, A R Dard arranged a lecture titled ‘The Future of India’ which was presided over by Sir Nairne Sandeman in which Jinnah criticized the recent White Paper on Indian Constitutional Reform and argued for self-government by Indians.[75] at the Fazl Mosque in London in April 1933 to facilitate Jinnah’s return to the political scene. In fact, Jinnah is quoted saying:”The eloquent persuasion of the Imam (A R Dard) left me no way of escape”.— [76][77][78]
      Among those who met with Jinnah to seek his return was Liaquat Ali Khan, who would be a major political associate of Jinnah in the years to come and the first Prime Minister of Pakistan. At Jinnah’s request, Liaquat discussed the return with a large number of Muslim politicians and confirmed his recommendation to Jinnah.[79][80] In early 1934, Jinnah relocated to the subcontinent, though he shuttled between London and India on business for the next few years, selling his house in Hampstead and closing his legal practice in Britain.[81][82]
      Muslims of Bombay elected Jinnah, though then absent in London, as their representative to the Central Legislative Assembly in October 1934.[83][84] The British Parliament’s Government of India Act 1935 gave considerable power to India’s provinces, with a weak central parliament in New Delhi, which had no authority over such matters as foreign policy, defence, and much of the budget. Full power remained in the hands of the Viceroy, however, who could dissolve legislatures and rule by decree. The League reluctantly accepted the scheme, though expressing reservations about the weak parliament. The Congress was much better prepared for the provincial elections in 1937, and the League failed to win a majority even of the Muslim seats in any of the provinces where members of that faith held a majority. It did win a majority of the Muslim seats in Delhi, but could not form a government anywhere, though it was part of the ruling coalition in Bengal. The Congress and its allies formed the government even in the North-West Frontier Province (N.W.F.P.), where the League won no seats despite the fact that almost all residents were Muslim.[85]

      Jinnah (front, left) with the Working Committee of the Muslim League after a meeting in Lucknow, October 1937
      According to Singh, “the events of 1937 had a tremendous, almost a traumatic effect upon Jinnah”.[86] Despite his beliefs of twenty years that Muslims could protect their rights in a united India through separate electorates, provincial boundaries drawn to preserve Muslim majorities, and by other protections of minority rights, Muslim voters had failed to unite, with the issues Jinnah hoped to bring forward lost amid factional fighting.[86][87] Singh notes the effect of the 1937 elections on Muslim political opinion, “when the Congress formed a government with almost all of the Muslim MLAs sitting on the Opposition benches, non-Congress Muslims were suddenly faced with this stark reality of near total political powerlessness. It was brought home to them, like a bolt of lightning, that even if the Congress did not win a single Muslim seat … as long as it won an absolute majority in the House, on the strength of the general seats, it could and would form a government entirely on its own …”[88]
      In the next two years, Jinnah worked to build support among Muslims for the League. He secured the right to speak for the Muslim-led Bengali and Punjabi provincial governments in the central government in New Delhi (“the centre”). He worked to expand the League, reducing the cost of membership to two annas (⅛ of a rupee), half of what it cost to join the Congress. He restructured the League along the lines of the Congress, putting most power in a Working Committee, which he appointed.[89] By December 1939, Liaquat estimated that the League had three million two-anna members”

  2. Hasan Wasty says:

    I am very interested to know about Mian Hayat Bukhsh’s sons. Munir was my best friend in mid 60s. We were living on Muree Road. Mian Sahib’s one son was an engineer in city of Rawalpindi in water works.
    I live in Canada since 1968. My father was a teacher in St. Mary’s High School. I miss those days very much. Ayub Khan was president. I remember Nizam Watch Company in Raja Bazaar. It was classic. Please some one tell me all about gone by days.
    My email address is:

    • Rafique Ahmed Khan says:

      Dear Hasan Wasty Saheb,
      Whats is the name of your father as I know many teachers in St. Mary’s School. Nizam Watch is still there in Raja Bazaar. I also know Mian Hayat Bukhsh. He himself was an engineer and used to live on Murree Road.
      Kindly go through all episodes of my memoirs to recollect your memories of Pindi and advise me with your valued comments.

      • Hasan Wasty says:

        Rafique Ahmed Khan Sahib,
        My father’s name was Qaim Hussain Wasti, he was a teacher in St. Mary’s in father Nailer’s time. There were Azeem sisters who were coming to our home, one of them committed suicide.

        Those days were just wonderful. I was a student at Gordon College, it was so calm & peaceful at that time, no Americans, Jews, Saudies crimes. Now I think Pakistan is almost finished by these crook nations. I have been here in Canada since 1968. I feel very scared because they can kill any one like poor Afia. My cousin Munim Hussain of Islamabad was a custom collector at Islamabad airport. I am 67 years old, got married, have 2 grown-up boys. I hope USA, UK, Canada, Jews, Saudies all be finished soon, so that good times come again.

        The most amazing thing is that like you I have also gone to the same schools and College; Denny’s High School in Saddar & Mission High School in Trunk Bazaar & Gordon College in JP Mell’s times, Daskawi was a good professor, my favourite was Miss Jane.

        How do you like Dubai? I myself do not like Canada, their govts were involved in my killings but God saved me.

        Are you familiar with Molvi Majid whose sons were having Khalid Medicos in Bhore Bazaar and my uncle Afzal Imam on Muree Road close to Ajmal Hospital?

        How nice those days were! Cheers!!

    • Dr. Arif Qureshi, USA says:

      Hasan Wasty Sahib,
      What subject did your father teach and in which years? I did my Matric from St. Mary’s in 1961.

      • Hasan Wasty says:

        Dr. Arif sahib,
        My father taught Maths, Geography, History, etc. I think you were in father Burns’ time, my father was in St. Mary’s School in 1964. One teacher was Mr. Khizar who died in scooter accident. There were 3 sisters called Azeem sisters.
        How is life in USA? Here in Canada not so good for non-whites. I feel Canada, USA, UK as perfect police, FBI and CIA states, no rules of law, just bullies! Which state you are living in? Cheers!

        • Dr. Arif Qureshi, USA says:

          Salaamz Hasan Bhai,
          Indeed you bring back some nice memories. Khizar sahib was our Math teacher in Matric, a very good at that and I was living in Lahore when I heard about the sad accident. I was remembering him a while back and prayed for his maghfirat. Father Burns was the principal. I do remember the Azeem sisters, Sir Qureshi and Miss Lobo also. Few years back I met sir Birlas sahib in Lahore.
          We live in NY state about 100 miles from Niagra Falls. If you wish my email is:
          Canada is far better than USA for Muslims!
          Thanks for your reply.
          Duaaz for all,

          • Hasan Wasty says:

            Dr. Arif sahib,
            It’s not true that Canada is better for Muslims. Canadian govt wanted to kill me through my pathologist brother , this UK Jew married were falsifying my lab tests for 12 years. Canadian police took no action, they should be charged with contempt. This brother was giving me anabolic styroids T4, but here in USA and Canada no justice for Muslims only for je–s. I have married a Polish woman because these creatures of sh–s are very racists. What are your observations? Pakistan has been finished by these creatures too by planting Bin Ladan, ISIS types of agents.

  3. Maj (R) Khalid Saeed Shah says:

    Dear Sir,
    The book is nearing its climax and soon will be in market with kind courtesy of Col Cheema. Keep it up.


      Dear Maj Khalid Saeed Shah,
      Many thanks for your kind appreciation. As regards your proposed book I have no experience to write such book; and I doubt whether Lt Col Rashid Cheema would be able to offer any help in this regard. Your further elaboration is requested in the matter. Thanking you again.

  4. Shaheda Rizvi, Canada says:

    Dear Rafique Khan Saheb,

    Delighted to read another fine episode on Pindi times—unbiased scholarship combined with poetic sensibility. The Buffalo part, though, overwhelms me with regret because of my personal association with hard working, and dedicated Gujjars.

    Gujjar of the 40s, 50s would have a very difficult time selling his product, were he to live far away from the city limits—transportation costs would certainly spell his ruin. Without society’s well designed infrastructure, the only scheme for a Gujjar appears to be a “Central Park” style habitat, with pastures, hay fields, ponds and lakes reserved for the buffaloes. If a society can afford Zoos and large parks in city centers why can it not accord the same space to Gujjars? Just a thought.

    • Dear Madam,
      I was waiting for your worthy comments. Gujjars are a very big orthodox clan with an ancient recorded history. Now when every possible amenities have been provided, they should now try to adopt modern methods. My very close friend Late Sqn/ Leader Ramzan Ali was a very staunch Gujjar, who used to receive “GUJJAR GAZETTE” regularly. He used to tell me a lot about the Gujjars. He used to complain that inspite of being rich the Gujjars are not trying to catch up with the modern times.
      Madam, you are feeling and crying for only Gujjars; We as a whole nation in Pakistan, are under such a huge pressure of lawlessness, sectarian hatreds and political unrest that life seems to be most difficult phase to exist. Kindly do pray for us.
      Thanking you for your worthy appreciation with best regards and blessings.

      • Shaheda Rizvi, Canada says:

        Dear Rafique Ahmed Khan Saheb,

        Thank you for your equally worthy comments. Perhaps, I didn’t express my point clearly in the previous post. My comment was directed towards “MAN” or “Society” as a collective unit— where man’s own greed and need takes priority over every living entity. Here we have cows, buffaloes, goats and sheep, without a decent feeding and cleaning arrangement, herded along busy traffic district, the very animals that feed and sustain “MAN” are treated as scums of the earth.

        A society that can afford large parks, hospitals, colleges and universities, armies, planes and drones, for its HUMAN population, can certainly accord open grazing fields, ponds, and lakes for its livestock.

        Re: lawlessness in all areas: I agree. My prayers are with the suffering as well as with those who are making some effort in stabilization.

        Again, thank you so much for your fine posts, sincere prayers and thoughts.

        • Rafique Ahmed Khan says:

          Dear Madam.
          Very kind of you to respond and further clarify your contention. I have to agree totally with you in your sentiments. We have before our confused administration a huge task of improvement in the various fields including the ones described by you. May God help them. There is no reason why we should not be out of this rot unless we have some honest and efficient administration with good intentions.
          Thanking you and with blessings

  5. Brig (R) Khalil-ur-Rehman says:

    Respected Rafique Sb,
    Salam. Plz accept my profound thanks again for another article which takes us closer to the nature. Our forefathers lived a simple life so close to nature. Today we cannot find one Litre of pure milk. The eatables are adulterated to the skills of the traders. The Govt has taken it’s hands off from evil.
    In reply to a comment on corruption on this forum, may I dare ask if we still living in a multiple religious society we would have still become a corrupt nation. Still there are shopkeepers who strictly follow the honesty standard, eg Karim Samosa on Bank Road has maintained the same standard which I tasted 46 years ago. Broadway Bakery maintained their standard till it was closed. Jamil Sweet is also a good example of honesty and quality.
    My personal experience, from 2/Lt till my retirement I got my clothes stitched from London House Tailors in Rawalpindi even when I was posted to other stations. Now in Lahore I have changed five tailors so far. All prove to bayimaan of highest order. Compared to Pindi, the tailors of Lahore are thieves and thugs. Sorry to narrate all this.
    With best regards

    • Rafique Ahmed Khan says:

      Respected Brig Khalil,
      So kind of you sir, for such a gracious appreciation. Your sentiments are the same as of all the other sensible gentlemen. Our hopeless leaders can not be blamed who are elected with such heavy mandate; instead our nation as a whole has gone off their mind and have totally lost their sense of choice to go for the right persons to lead them. In spite of innumerable examples of sensible leaders in the advanced countries, who immediately resign and quit in case they failed to handle the worsening situation; our so called leaders would stick with game blaming and start giving false justifications shamelessly to cover themselves. But it is not a hopeless case, and can be cured only when some Honest, Efficient and Ruthless person takes over. Till then we have to pray for such right man.
      With blessings and best regards.

  6. Lt Col (R) Muhammad Arshad Meer says:

    A ship with a history of paramount significance. A sincere hard work to educate unawares like me. Thank you very much Sir.

  7. Tariq Masud says:

    Very informative indeed. Rafique sahib has very ably covered most aspects of Public life of Rawalpindii during 1930s and 1940s.
    It would be very welcome if he could also give an account of the social and political activities of late 1940s with a “Who is who” of that time. Who were Chauhdri Maula Dad, Chauhdari Zafar-ul-Haq, Khawaja Ahmad Hassan Josh, Syed Mustafa Gilani, Umar sahib, Mian Hayat Baksh, Mahmud Ahmad Manto. A word about Quaid-e-Azam’s return journey from Srinagar in 1946, his brief stop at Malpur near Bara Kahu and a roadside chat with elite of Pindi Muslims, who had gathered there.
    What I have heard is that the Quaid looked at the beautiful landscape at the foot of Margala Hills and said that Pakistan would have its capital in a surrounding like that.

    • Dear Tariq Masud Sahib,
      Thank you sir, for your nice appreciation. Incidently I Knew personally M/s Chaudhery Maula Dad Chohan, Chaudhery Zafar-ul-Haq, Mustafa Shah Gilani who was my neighbour, Mian Hayat Bakhsh who lived in Teli Mohalla. They were elite of Pindi. They were politically motivated but not leaders in true sense. They were also members of Local Self Government. Chaudhery Maula Dad contested for the Mayorship of Pindi. Mr. Mustafa Shah Gilani was a very good orator and used to talk before huge gatherings in the Jamia Masjid Pindi. The Chaudheries used to live on the Murree Road and were big landlords. I still remember in 1946 I attended a lecture by Qaid-e-Azam in Peshawar in a college. I was hardly in my early twenties; and thus could not deeply observe such details.
      With blessings.

      • Chaudhary Fakhar Zaman says:

        Tariq Masud sahib,
        I would like to correct Rafique Khan sahib here. Chaudhary Zafar-ul-Haq was the first MPA of Rawalpindi city after Independence, you can definitely have a look at the archives and Maula Dad Chohan was Mayor of Rawalpindi and also Rawalpindi was a zail of chaudharies and the last member of my family who was zaildar was CHAUDAHRY Jehan-Dad and the zail was all the way from Badeya-maira now I think F-10 Islamabad to Sanghjani.

  8. Maj Gen (Retd) Parvez Akmal says:

    Dear Khan Sahib,
    As-slamu ‘Alaikum,

    A wonderful narration of old Pindi’s road infrastructure, simple sewerage and milch culture.
    The direct teat-treat was so nostalgic for we had a cow in the early 1960s and when my father introduced me to it, I have always been fond of it. Alas, our tin-fed generation can hardly grasp those pleasures.

    Of ‘Uplas’ I recall a joke that went around those days: When an inquisitive foreign tourist was informed that it was cattle dung actually, he inquired in utter amazement, “how could cattle perform such a feat on the wall and that too in such a uniform pattern?”!!

    Thank you, Khan Sahib and Rashid Cheema (Editor). My appreciations, prayers and best wishes.

    • Rafique Ahmed Khan says:

      Dear Gen Parvez Akmal,
      I have to thank you sir, for your kind and regular encouragement and appreciation of my memoirs.
      Yes sir, it is a famous joke about the ignorance of the foreigners regarding our wonder fuel which is still enjoyed.
      with blessings.

  9. Maj (R) Siraj Syed, USA says:

    M.r Rafique Saheb,
    I used to work at Dhamial Aviation Base and lived in Satellite Town, Rawalpindi. On many occasions I landed up behind these Buffalo herd specially on Murree Road where the road goes under the Railway line near the Lei Nullah where these animals went for a bath. Honk as much as you want, but the baffaloes went on their own pace.
    I live in Colorado, USA, and when I read your articles I am reminded of Home Sweet Home of Rawalpindi. Your articles are just great. God Bless you.
    We also owe a lot to Col Rashid Cheema (the Editor) for introducing you to us, the commentators.

    • Rafique Ahmed Khan says:

      Dear Maj Siraj Syed,
      Very kind of you sir, to appreciate my memoirs. While living in USA you must be feeling the difference in almost every sphere of life. Kindly pray for us also May He Has Mercy on us. Your favourite buffaloes are still enjoying freedom of their traffic rights on our roads. Apart from these animals even humans are using the roads the same way.
      The Editor, Col Rashid Cheema, is giving the best of help in this regard and credit goes to him also equally.
      May God bless you.

  10. Excellent contribution and efforts by all. I lost my old pictures of Rawalpindi to share with you.

  11. Lt Col Masood Alam (retd) says:

    Thanks sir for such a nice and informative article. Fluency in narrative remains excellent as usual.
    Best Regards.

    • Rafique Ahmed Khan says:

      Dear Lt Col Masood Alam,
      Very kind of you sir to appreciate my memoirs.
      With best regards and blessings.

    • Hasan Wasty says:

      Col Masood,
      I want your help. My late mother had 7 acres of land in Tara Singh, District Okara. This land is occupied by my cousin Munim Husain (ex Custom Collector at pindi airport). I want this land to be sold, you have lots of military men who can help me. I live in Canada, not so desired country for me as covertly they attacked on my life through my doctor brother.

  12. Azam Gill, France says:

    Thank you, Rafique Khan Sahib, for another gem.

  13. Dr. Arif Qureshi, USA says:

    Salaamz Rafique Bhai,
    Another pearl added to the necklace of memories. This is eagerly awaited as always and the hope is it never ends! Simple but priceless indeed!
    Keep it up dear brother.
    Many duaaz for your family and all others especially my dear Pindiwaalz.

  14. Ahmed Salim says:

    Rafique Sahib,
    Informative as always. Were the Muslims equally corrupt in those days too or we became expert at this skill only after Partition? Did the sanitary workers belong to any particular religious group?

    • Dear Mr. Ahmed Salim Sahib,
      The difference after the Partition regarding the corruption is that now we are bold being the sole OWNERS with no one to share, compete or challenge. Thanking for appreciation.
      The sanitary workers were mostly all the Muslims with little Christian minority. The integrity of all sanitary workers remained doubtful, they performed more after taking “tips” and the practice still exists.

  15. Rafique Khan Sahib,
    It’s another wonderful article from your pen.
    الله کرےزورِقلم اورزیادہ

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