History & Photos of Jhelum District

Jhelum is a district of Rawalpindi Division in the Punjab Province of Pakistan. It is one of the oldest districts of Punjab and was established on 23 March 1849. During British rule, Jhelum was much  larger than the current district. Chakwal and Talagang tehsils were also included in it. In 1914, the tehsil of Talagang was detached from the District and incorporated with the new District of Attock. In 1985, the tehsil of Chakwal was also detached from Jhelum and a new district was formed.
The city of Jhelum is the capital of the district. The district is administratively divided into four tehsils (subdivisions); Jhelum, Sohawa, Pind Dadan Khan and Dina.
Brief History:
Jhelum has since its creation been dominated by Persian, Greek, Hindu, Buddhist, Muslim, Sikh and British influences to present-day Pakistan.
Jhelum is near the site of the famous Battle of the Hydaspes between the armies of Alexander the Great and Raja Porus. This battle took place a few miles downstream from the city centre, along the banks of River Jhelum. The city was founded to commemorate the death of Alexander’s horse, Bucephalus, and was originally called Bucephala.
Sultan Mahmud Ghaznavi conquered Punjab region including the Jhelum District. The Delhi Sultanate and later Mughal Empire ruled the region.
The Gakhars, who appear to represent an early wave of conquest from the west, and who still inhabit a large tract in the east of the District; while the Awans, who now cluster in the western plain, are apparently later invaders, the Gakhars were the dominant race during the early Muslim era and they long-continued to retain their independence, both in Jhelum itself and in the neighbouring District of Rawalpindi.
The Janjuas and Jats, who now hold the Salt Range and its northern plateau respectively, appear to have been the earliest inhabitants.
In 1765 Gujar Singh defeated the last independent Gakhars Chief, Muqarrrab Khan, and reduced the wild mountaineers of the Salt Range and the Murree Hills to subjection. The Muslims faced severe restrictions during the Sikh rule.
In 1847 Jhelum passed with the rest of the Sikh territories into the power of the British.

Old Bridge on Jhelum River  

Jhelum Pictures - Old bridge on Jhelum River - Images, Photos of Jhelum

New Bridge on Jhelum River

Jhelum Pictures - New bridge on Jhelum River - Images, Photos of Jhelum

Exterior of Jhelum Railway Station 

Pictures of Jhelum - Exterior of Jhelum Railway Station - Images of Jhelum

A View of Jhelum Railway Station

 Pictures of Jhelum - A view of Jhelum Railway Station - Images of Jhelum

A Train arriving at Jhelum Railway Station

Jhelum Photos - A train arriving at Jhelum Railway Station - Jhelum Pictures

A Train at Jhelum Railway Station

Pictures of Jhelum - A train at Jhelum Railway Station - Images of Jhelum

Major Akram Shaheed Chowk Jhelum Cantt. Illumination on 23rd March 2014.

Jhelum Pictures - Major Akram Shaheed Chowk Jhelum Cantt - Images, Photos of Jhelum

Jhelum District Cricket Stadium

Jhelum Photos - Jhelum District Cricket Stadium - Jhelum Pictures

A Match at Jhelum Cricket Stadium

Pictures of Jhelum - A match at Jhelum Cricket Stadium - Images of Jhelum

District HQ Hospital Jhelum

Jhelum Photos - District HQ Hospital Jhelum - Jhelum Pictures

Police Lines Jhelum 

Jhelum Pictures - Police Lines Jhelum - Images, Photos of Jhelum

GPO (General Post Office) Jhelum

Jhelum Pictures - GPO (General Post Office) Jhelum - Images, Photos of Jhelum

F-86 Aircraft at Jhelum Cantt

Jhelum Pictures - F-86 Aircraft at Jhelum Cantt - Images, Photos of Jhelum

Shandaar Chowk Jhelum 

Jhelum Pictures - Shandaar Chowk Jhelum - Images, Photos of Jhelum

KFC at Jhelum 

 Jhelum Photos - KFC at Jhelum Cantt - Jhelum Pictures

KFC Outlet in Jhelum at Night

 Pictures of Jhelum - KFC outlet in Jhelum at night - Images of Jhelum

Subway Outlet in Jhelum 

 Jhelum Photos -  Subway Outlet in Jhelum - Jhelum Pictures

Al-Bilal Hotel Jhelum 

Jhelum Pictures - Al-Bilal Hotel Jhelum - Images, Photos of Jhelum

Jhelum Cash & Carry Store in London, UK

Jhelum Cash & Carry Store in London, UK.

Punjab University Jhelum Campus

 Jhelum Photos - Punjab University Jhelum Campus - Jhelum Pictures

Government College, G.T. Road, Jhelum

 Jhelum Photos - Government College, G.T. Road, Jhelum - Jhelum Pictures

FG Inter College Jhelum Cantt

Jhelum Pictures - FG Inter College Jhelum Cantt - Images, Photos of Jhelum

Jinnah College Jhelum

Jhelum Pictures - Jinnah College Jhelum - Images, Photos of Jhelum

Government High School Jhelum

Jhelum Pictures - Government High School Jhelum - Images, Photos of Jhelum

FG Girls Public Secondary School 

Jhelum Pictures - FG Girls Public Secondary School Jhelum - Images, Photos of Jhelum

FG School for Boys Jhelum

Jhelum Pictures - FG School for Boys Jhelum - Images, Photos of Jhelum

Presentation Convent High School Jhelum

Jhelum Pictures - Presentation Convent High School Jhelum - Images, Photos of Jhelum

Happy Home Secondary School Jhelum

Jhelum Pictures - Happy Home Secondary School Jhelum - Images, Photos of Jhelum

A Mosque in Jhelum Cantonment

 Pictures of Jhelum - A Mosque in Jhelum Cantonment - Images of Jhelum

Jamia Masjid Khalid Bin Waleed (Masjid Ahle Hadees), Jhelum. It is located in Toya Mohallah.

 Jhelum Photos - Jamia Masjid Khalid Bin Waleed (Masjid Ahle Hadees), Jhelum - Jhelum Pictures

Masjid Afghan at the bank of Jhelum River 

Jhelum Pictures - Masjid Afghan at the bank of Jhelum River - Images, Photos of Jhelum

Maulvi Boota Masjid Karimpura, Jhelum

Jhelum Photos - Molvi Boota Masjid Karimpura, Jhelum - Jhelum Pictures

St. John’s Church, Jhelum CantonmentSt. John’s Church is located in Jhelum cantonment, beside the river Jhelum. After some eight years in the construction, it was consecrated in 1857 as an Anglican house of worship. It is a Protestant church, now under the Church of Pakistan.
The church was built to commemorate the British victory in the Indian Rebellion of 1857 (The  Natives call it The War of Independence).

Jhelum Photos - Saint John's Church at Jhelum Cantonment - Jhelum Pictures

Presbyterian Church, Jhelum 

 Jhelum Photos - Presbyterian Church in Jhelum - Jhelum Pictures

Rohtas Fort near Dina. Rohtas Fort is situated in a gorge approx 16 km NW of Jhelum and 7 km from Dina. It was constructed on a hillock where the tiny Kahan river meets another rainy stream called Parnal Khas and turns east towards Tilla Jogian Range. The fort is about 300 feet (91 m) above its surroundings. It could hold a force of up to 30,000 men.
It was built by Sher Shah Suri, to subdue the rebellious tribes of the northern Punjab region, in the 16th century.The work on this fort was started in 1541 and it took 8 years to built it. Sher Shah Suri died before the completion of this magnificent structure.This fort is about 4 km in circumference. The Rohtas fort was built to crush the local tribes of Potohar, who rebelled against the Sur dynasty after the Mughal emperor Humayun was ousted by the former. The tribes included, Awans, Janjua Rajputs, Dhund Abbasi, Kayanis, Minhas Rajputs, Khokhars among others.
The Fort was recaptured by local tribes and the Afghans were forced to flee. It became the capital of Gakhars. After the takeover of the Punjab by the Ranjit Singh, Sardar General Gurmukh Singh Lamba captured the Rothas Fort from Ghakhar chief Nur Khan in 1825.

 Jhelum Photos - Rohtas Qila near Dina - Jhelum Pictures

Kabuli Gate of Rohtas Fort   

 Jhelum Photos - Kabuli Gate of Rohtas Fort - Jhelum Pictures

Tilla Jogian near Jhelum. Tilla Jogian is the highest peak in the Eastern Salt Range in PunjabPakistan. At 975 meters (3200 ft) above sea level, it is about 25 km to the west of Jhelum city. For thousand of years it was a place of sun worship for the Hindus because the sun can be seen here earlier and sets here later due to its height. Tilla Jogian in Punjabi means the Hill of Saints. This is where the Kanphata Jogis, who pierced their earlobes and were an order founded by Guru Gorakhnath have left behind a monastery.

Tilla Jogian also finds mention in the epic love poem Heer Ranjha of Waris Shah. Ranjha, the story’s protagonist, who when spending his time on the rebound, sublimating his love and passion in the spiritual world, came here for consolation and got his ears ringed here as was the tradition of Guru Goraknath’s followers.

For the Sikhs there is also another significance to Tilla Jogian as Guru Nanak Dev ji, the founder of Sikhism is said to have spent 40 days in quiet seclusion at Tilla Jogian. The Sikhs during the rule of Maharaja Ranjit Singh made a stone pond here in his memory. The British made a road and a pond here for water.

Jhelum Photos - Tilla Jogian near Jhelum - Jhelum Pictures

Hindu Temple at Tilla Jogian   

 Jhelum Photos - Hindu Mandir (Temple) at Tilla Jogian - Jhelum Pictures

Mazar of Shahab-ud-Din Ghori at Dhamiak near Sohawa, District Jhelum 
Sultan Shahab-ud-Din Muhammad Ghori, originally called Mu’izzuddīn Muḥammad Bin Sām, and also referred to by Orientalists as Muhammad of Ghor (1149 – 1206), was a ruler of the Ghorid dynasty who reigned over a territory spanning present-day Afghanistan, Pakistan and northern India.
Shahabuddin Ghori reconquered the city of Ghazni (in modern-day Afghanistan) in 1173, and assisted his brother Ghiyas-ud-Din in his contest with Khwarezmid Empire for the lordship of Khorāsān. Shahabuddin Ghori captured Multan and Uch in 1175 and annexed the Ghaznavid principality of Lahore in 1186. After the death of his brother Ghiyas-ud-Din in 1202, he became the successor of his empire.Though the Ghorids’ empire was short-lived, Shahabuddin Ghori’s violent conquests strengthened the foundations of Muslim rule in India.
In 1206, Mu’izz left all the affairs in India in hands of his slave Qutb-ud-din Aibak. On his way back to Ghazni, his caravan rested at . He was assassinated on March 15, 1206, while offering his evening prayers.

Jhelum Pictures - Tomb of Shahab-ud-Din Ghori at Dhamiak near Sohawa, District Jhelum - Images, Photos of Jhelum

Taraki Toll Plaza after Hail Storm

Jhelum Pictures - Taraki Toll Plaza after hail storm - Images, Photos of Jhelum

Sohawa City after Hail Storm

Jhelum Pictures - Sohawa city after hail storm - Images, Photos of Jhelum

A Train on Jhelum Railway BridgeThe railway bridge on the river Jhelum was built in 1873 by the British engineer William St. John Galwey. He had also built the great Empress Bridge over the river Sutlej.

Old Photos of Jhelum Pictures - A train with steam engine on Jhelum Bridge - Jhelum Pictures

Boat bridge on Jhelum River, 1877. St. John’s Church is also visible in the background.

Old Pictures of Jhelum - An old photo of Boat bridge on Jhelum river - Photos of Jhelum

Related Pages:
Photos of Punjab
Photos of KPK
Photos of Sindh
Photos of Baluchistan

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Comments

  1. Vinayak Chadha says:

    My nanaji is from Chakwal district,tehsil padshan ,district jhelum,Pakistan.His name is k.L Jhanji.He would be celebrating diamond jubillee on 23rd of Feb,2017.Please congratulate him the people of Jhelum.Thanks in advance.Luv Vinayak Chadha.

  2. kaanupriya bassi says:

    excdellent, do well, post on facebook and google more

  3. i like Jhelum due to someone, be happy jhelum peopls always

  4. Sardar Gyan Singh Lamba was a prominent figure of Jhelum and district Gujrat, having a Lahore dabar seat. He had a Havali known as Havali Sardar Gyan Singh at Dinga. Another Havali at Lahore Yakee Darvaja and Molala Sardar Gyan Singh Lamba at Lahore. Town ship known as Qila Sardar Attar Singh, came up on the name of his father Sardar Attar Singh Lamba. The fort Qila Sardar Attar Singh was constructed by Sardar General Gurmukh Singh Lamba, father of Sardar Attar Singh, an eminent general of Maharaja Ranjit Singh. Sardar’s potrait painting is displayed at Lahore Museum at serial D-40 with caption.

    • Bakshi Tarenjit Singh Lamba says:

      My grandfather was Bakshi Amolak Singh Lamba and my great grandfather was Sardar Diwan Chand Singh Lamba. I know that my father has documents that state we had land in Hoza Kangrila, Thana Mandras. Would appricate any help in tracing my family history.
      Please email me on tarenlamba@msn.com for any further info that could help.
      Kind Regards

  5. Lt Col (R) Shahbaz Thuttaal, Avn says:

    I belong to village Motial about 16 KMs up stream from Jhelum city on the Road Jhelum-Ladhar joining the DINA-MANGLA Road. I wish you had shown more pictures of the Country side. Jhelum Cantt which is in existence since 1847. The Jhelum District is ethnically divided between different races, Jats living all along River Jhelum down to PIND DADA KHAN with only couple of villages of Janjuas in Sanghoi and Dara pur. Ghakkhar (Kianis) mostly live along the foot hills around DOMELI, where Admiral TARIQ KAMAL ex Naval chief’s famly lived. Late Gen ASIF NAWAZ JANJUA belonged to CHAKRI in the foot hills of TILLA JOGIAN.
    TILLA JOGIAN is another historical Land Mark, where RANJHA visited and became a SADHO to go back to Jhang to claim his HEER.
    Please give detail pictures and HISTORY of ROHTAS FORT and TILLA JOGIAN.

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